Biotechnology research by private and government laboratories has allowed Costa Rica to explore food engineering and generate crops that are resistant to plagues or tropical diseases, create new seeds (oil palms and cocoa varieties), new fruits (Pococí papaya), and new live organisms (Mediterranean fly) as bio-controllers for plagues.
Participation in cutting-edge tropical agricultural research
Earth University’s La Flor campus and CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center), two world-class higher education research institutions, are located in the North Pacific and Caribbean gateways respectively and are conducting ground-breaking research on a variety of tropical species, from sustainable mango and sugar cane to genetic modification of cacao beans for disease-resistant strains of the plant.
In the North, the Costa Rica Institute of Technology (TEC), a public university specializing in engineering and science, uses its state-of-the-art biotech and molecular biology laboratories for public and private projects. The facility offers several services, including: development of protocols and diagnostic methodologies for biological material, pathogen cleansing for seed certification, genetic improvements and modifications, nuclei transfer using unique micro-projector and micro-manipulation equipment, among others.